Myosin-X recruits lamellipodin to filopodia tips

An osteosarcoma cell labelled to visalyse the actin cytoskeleton (magenta), paxillin (green) and Myosin-X (cyan). Image acquired using a structured illumination microscope.

Myosin-X (MYO10), a molecular motor localizing to filopodia, is thought to transport various cargo to filopodia tips, modulating filopodia function. Yet, only a few MYO10 cargoes have been described. Here, using GFP-Trap and BioID approaches combined with mass spectrometry, we identified lamellipodin (RAPH1) as a novel MYO10 cargo. We report that the FERM domain of MYO10 is required for RAPH1 localization and accumulation at filopodia tips. Previous studies have mapped RAPH1 interaction with adhesome components to its talin binding and Ras-association domains. Surprisingly, we find that the RAPH1 MYO10-binding site is not within these domains. Instead, it comprises an area with previously unknown functions. Functionally, RAPH1 supports MYO10 filopodia formation and stability but is not involved in regulating integrin activity in filopodia tips. Taken together, our data indicate a feed-forward mechanism whereby MYO10 filopodia are positively regulated by MYO10-mediated transport of RAPH1 to the filopodium tip.

Mitro Miihkinen, Ana Popović, Sujan Ghimire, Rafael Saup, Max L.B. Grönloh, Neil J. Ball,  Benjamin T. Goult,  Johanna Ivaska, Guillaume Jacquemet

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